非行性の認定(Ⅶ)補 遺 その1 心理検査による非行 ??したものが最初であろう。以上、見てきたように、MMPIによる非行 性のアセスメントに関する研究は、四つの流 れとしてとらえることができ、心理検査によ る研究としては、世界で最も文献数の多い分 野である。しかしながら ...

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1 MMPIMinnesota Multiphasic PersonalityInventoryHathaway, S. R., et al.19574Pd8Sc9Maexcitatory scales 29 1 MMPIStudies on Differentiating Delinquency7th Report: Supplementary ReportsPart 1 Assessment of Delinquency with Psychological Tests : the MMPIHitomi SHINDOThis paper aims to compensate for the leeway in the existing studies on the assessment of delinquencywith the MMPI in recent years in Japan. Both the Japanese and English literatures on the assessment ofdelinquency with the MMPI, and particularly English literatures published since 1990, were reviewed fromthe viewpoint of the analyses of high point codes and profile patterns, development of delinquency scales,and application of factor analysis methods.Based on the several findings obtained by reviewing the above-mentioned literatures, it could be conclud-ed that further studies on the assessment of delinquency with the MMPI, should not be carried out before athorough discussion on the following four methodological problems:a. eliminating biases in collecting and evaluating data concerning delinquency;b. assuming that there exist various types of delinquencies, such as sexual delinquency and violent delin-quency;c. assuming that delinquency and mental disorder are arranged psychopathologically on the same contin-uum; andd. remedying a deficiency of the MMPI by conducting other psychological tests and/or social investiga-tions.Key words: MMPI, delinquency, high point code, delinquency scale, profile pattern, factor analysis methodMMPI* 0Si2D5Mfinhibitory scalesMMPI489T703426-32Pna, L. M., et al.1996ab.162MMPIMMPI A Butcher, J. N., et al.1992ab.9Ma4Pd6Pa5MfMMPIHathaway, S. R., et al.1963MMPIHathaway, S. R., et al.1957MMPI4double cross validationdelinquency scale331967, 1969MMPIDClark, J. H.1948recidivism scale : RcHathaway, S. R., et al.1957delin-quency pronenessHathaway, S.R., et al.1963Hathaway, S. R., et al.1961MMPI1970Hathaway, S. R., et al.MMPI19401960Wheeler, W. M., et al.1951Comrey, A. L.1958PdMMPI1969, 1972272005 30 MMPI1980202 MMPI1a. b. c. d. 23 MMPICiNiiCitation information by NII200581MMPI22PsycINFOEBSCOhost200581MMPIdelinquency2503219901high point2delinquency scale3profile pattern4factor analysisPsycINFOEBSCOhostabstractabstractab.4 1Hathaway, S.R., et al.1953ab.MMPI1 MMPI 31 93,7791,8341,945MMPI2041T552124Pa8Sc9Ma48844994899833220Si2D5Mf1732043Hy8941PdHs47PdPt42PdDHathaway, S. R., et al.19572214Pd8Sc 9Ma2D5Mf0SiHathaway, S. R., et al.postdic-tionprediction1968a, 1968b.1968c, 19691970b556672MMPINDD10272005 32 Table 1 Frequency( in Percentage) of the High Point Codes for Non-Delinquents(ND) and Delinquents(D) (N10)CodeClassBoys GirlsND D ND D13.3114.4124.4220.023-34.4339.934-45.5446.6447.7449.9440.045-59.9550.056-69.9679.9770.0789.989-90.090-7.2 5.90.4 3.8 5.92.9 0.74.3 0.34.7 11.11.8 2.40.7 4.9 3.51.1 6.30.4 4.21.8 5.90.7 3.81.8 1.02.5 2.42.9 0.31.1 2.44.7 2.41.1 2.12.5 0.32.2 0.76.1 2.12.9 1.03.6 2.46.2 1.60.5 3.1 4.92.1 1.61.0 1.62.6 6.32.1 1.61.5 7.82.1 12.51.0 3.10.5 3.13.6 14.11.5 1.610.8 9.43.1 4.71.0 1.61.5 1.62.1 1.61.5 1.0 3.6 1.65.2 1.63.1 3.6 1.6Table 143464-4249MMPI2MMPIHathaway, S. R., et al.1957Hathaway, S. R., et al.19636De333015De1967, 1968Hathaway, S.R., et al.MMPIDHathaway, S.R., et al.1246MMPID46K3073Clark, J.H.194850103Hathaway, S. R., et al.MMPI1951195319572Mack, J. L.19698068MMPI1MMPI2MMPI3MMPI196041MMPI2F3PdPaMaHsMf451 MMPI 33 PdPaPt19626031,07781F2PdPaMaSiHy3Hathaway, S. R., et al.1957DqClark, J. H.1948Rc196285908272FPdPaMaPtHy197065488186236PdPaPtScMaFDPdPaSc1980, 198110 2MMPI14Pd9Ma224-413MMPI43-X428763150-X431953494648197943464-424943PdHyHy4Comrey, A. L.1958Pd5081969, 1970a, 197212051HsDHyPd2LKMfPaMa272005 34 3DPtSi4FPaPtScMa5KPdPt1234MMPI519903021015Morton, T. L., et al.2002aMMPIMMPIA15Mf6Pa4Pd2sensitivityspeci-ficityShealy, L., etal.1991ab.Archer, R. P., etal.2002MMPIA891,610MMPIAMorton, T. L., et al.2002b655MMPIA122Duncan, R. D., et al.1995129Rogers, R., et al.1994ab.Hicks, M. M., et al.200283MMPIA1 MMPI 35 7MMPIAMMPIMMPI5 MMPI1234MMPIHathaway, S. R., et al.1957predictionpostdictionHathaway, S. R., et al.1963272005 36 MMPIMMPIArcher, R. P., et al.2002MMPIArcher, R. P., et al.2002MMPI1967 Abe, M. 1969 The Japanese MMPI and its delinquencyscale. Tohoku Psychologica Folia, 281-2, 54-68.1962 MMPI11-27Archer, R.P., Bolinskey, P.K., Morton, T.L., and Farris,K.L. 2002 A factor structure for the MMPI-A:Replication with male delinquents. Assessment, 94,319-326.Butcher, J.N., Williams, C.L., Graham, J.R., Tellegen,A., Ben-Porath, Y.S., and Kaemmer, B. 1992 TheMinnesota Multiphasic Personality InventoryAdolescentMMPI-AManual for administration,scoring, and interpretation. University of MinnesotaPress.Comrey, A.L. 1958 A factor analysis of items on theMMPI psychopathic deviate scale. Educational andPsychological Measurement, 181, 91-98.Clark, J.H. 1948 Application of the MMPI in differenti-ating A.W.O.L. recidivists and non-recidivists.Journal of Psychology, 26, 229-234.Duncan, R.D., Kennedy, W.A., and Patrick, C.J. 1995Four-factor model of recidivism in male juvenileoffenders. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 243, 250-257.MMPI1960 26421- 27Hathaway, S. R., and Meehl, P.E. 1951a An atlas for theclinical use of the MMPI. University of MinnesotaPress.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E.D. 1951b The predic-tion of juvenile delinquency using the MinnesotaMultiphasic Personality Inventory. American Journalof Psychiatry, 108, 469-473.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E.D. 1952 MinnesotaMultiphasic Personality Inventory in the study of juve-nile delinquents. American Sociological Review, 17,704-710.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E.D. 1953 Analyzingand predicting juvenile delinquency with the MMPI.University of Minnesota Press.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E D. 1957 The person-alities of predelinquent boys. Journal of CriminalLaw, Criminology, and Political Science, 48, 149-163.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, ED. 1961 An atlas ofjuvenile MMP profiles. University of Minnesota Press.Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E.D. 1963 Adolescentpersonality and behavior. MMPI patterns of normal,delinquent, dropout, and other outcomes. Universityof Minnesota Press.Hicks, M.M., Rogers, R., and Cashel, M.L. 2000Predictions of violent and total infractions amonginstitutionalized male juvenile offenders. Journal ofthe American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 282, 183-190.Mack, J.L. 1969 The MMPI and Recidivism. Journal ofAbnormal Psychology, 745, 612-614.Morton, T.L., Farris, K.L., and Brenowitz, L.H. 2002a1 MMPI 37 MMPI-A: scores and high points of male juveniledelinquents: Scales 4, 5, and 6 as markers of juveniledelinquency. Psychological Assessment, 143, 311-319.Morton, T.L., and Farris, K.L. 2002b MMPI-A: structur-al summary characteristic of male juvenile delin-quents. Assessment, 94, 327-333. 1970 MMPI18 139-144 1968a MMPI132411 1968b MMPI2 32412 1968c MMPI332413 1969 MMPI 1 6260-66 1970 MMPIOno, N. 1980 The characteristic MMPI profile patterns ofyouthful Japanese delinquents. Tohoku PsychologicaFolia, 391-4, 105-112. 1981 MMPI 17121-11 Pea, L.M., Megargee, E.I., and Brody, E. 1996 MMPI-A patterns of male juvenile delinquents. PsychologicalAssessment, 8, 388-397.Rogers, R., and Bagby, R.M. 1994 Dimension of psy-chopathy: a factor analytic study of the MMPI antiso-cial personality disorder scale. International Journalof Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology,384, 297-308.Shealy, L., Kalicnman, S.C., Henderson, M.C., andSzymanowski, D. 1991 MMPI profile subtypes ofincarcerated sex offenders against children. Violenceand Victims, 163, 201-212. 1969 MMPI4 712 1970a MMPI52 34498 1970b MMPI2. 71214-20 1972 MMPI3 9275-82 1962 MMPI16 32-38Wheeler, W.M., Little, K.B., and Lehner, G.F.J. 1951The internal structure of the MMPI. Journal ofConsulting Psychology, 15, 134-141.272005 38 MMPIMMPI1990MMPI1234MMPI

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