Design led planning presentation at Department of Design a World Design Capital Project Cape Town 22 july 2014 final
Cape Towns Student heartland creates a powerful geometry of opportunity around Cape Towns planned Second Metropolitan Node at Tygerberg. With more than 100 000 students, five higher learning institutions of national significance and excellent logistics and infrastructural linkages, the Student City opportunity will be a major driver of urban regeneration. The presentation explores the meaning and implications of design driven planning, the experience thus far on the Voortrekker Road Corridor and the potentials and possibilities for weaving together an integrated matrix of learning, living, working and cultural opportunities. Place making is seen as a central discipline in the process of developing Student City
STUDENT CITY TYGERBERG: A DESIGN LED PLANNING APPROACH ? Larry Pokpas University of Western Cape Shahid Solomon Greater Tygerberg Partnership On the cusp of transition: transformation and or global competitiveness? WOULD YOU RECOMMEND YOUR STUDY EXPERIENCE TO FRIENDS? WHY OR WHY NOT? The sub-region is a classical site of spatial apartheid planning. It is physically disconnected from business and neighbouring communities Despite strategic location in the geographic centre of metropolis and proximity to transport routes the university remains inaccessible. They arrive at Bellville station and distressed surroundings, then what? Oppidan students spend time inefficiently in public transport so cars have become the preferred means of transport Pattern of growth is skewed towards high income suburbs and away from the Cape Flats where most of the poor live Dormitory, unsafe and derelict surroundings and distressed Lacks residential neighbourhoods and supportive surroundings. Resident students feel isolated with hermetic experiences impervious to outside influence which effectively make them an invisible population cut off from culture and social life The challenge can be ascribed to a lack of visionary leadership who fail to understand the hidden curriculum or to build vital connection between universities, neighbouring communities and the life of the city. In contrast: On campus only, Students build vital connections, a sense of immense pride, belonging and personal development from imbued learning and quality environment. More than race: The parents of 69% of UWC 2010 graduates (UG) do not have any post school qualifications, 45% do not have matric (a proxy for income, educational support and social capital) 31 64 60 31 24 20 21 27 45 15 19 42 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% UWC UCT SU CPUT Lower than matric Matric Post matric Idealistically trying to break the rules of apartheid spatial planning Creating an environment that represents the enduring nature and permanence of universities and a conception and framework to help create a sense of place, mission, purpose, distinctiveness and direction An environment able to help attract and retain the best minds, empower students from a variety of backgrounds to operate effectively in the larger society, and serve as agents of transformation. Reversing the ongoing deleterious effects of apartheid planning in the area surrounding UWC and furthering the ideal of a livable city and the reintegration of S.A. society. Established in 1959 Intellectual home of the left Post 1994 - senior academics and alumni elected to public office Producer of largest number of black scientists annually Engaged University UWC is 2nd highest provider in mobility of IUC partnerships Can we connect to business and social community with innovative business models? Improved drug resistance testing in HIV (cheaper and less time-consuming routine testing) Engaging industry partners to make components for fuel cells backup power systems and materials for storage in area of renewable hydrogen energy Commissioned pilot production plant for the production of lithium-ion batteries that are safer, more durable and portable with higher energy densities. Developed water treatment apparatus with specialised photocatalysts to destroy harmful micro-organisms & removal of industrial organic pollutants and also for renewable energy production. Developed a botanical product which reverses resistance in plant pathogens when applied in combination with fungicidal and bactericidal compounds (agrochemical pesticide adjuvant) Digital inclusion and CodeJam initiatives Network opportunities and joint leadership Create location-specific advantages that consolidates niche areas, knows the local conditions, and creates a sense of place Joint planning and purposive design concepts offer unique opportunities to reimagine sub-region and align our efforts towards a mature and growing network of active partnerships Help create new visions and coordinate all of these moving pieces into a more efficient and liveable address for the Greater Tygerberg: one that is synonymous with opportunity, innovation and entrepreneurship, sustainability, and able to respond to a range of lifestyle preferences. What international network opportunities enjoy joint leadership? It is always about trying to make something other than what exists What kind of city we want to make cannot be separated from what kind of people we want to be (David Harvey) What is Design to City Planning? Transition Led Geo-metric & geo-graphic Playful & Prototypical City Design is transition led Energy Transition FROM high carbon, fossil fuel based, and inefficient TO low carbon, green/renewable and efficient Technology Transition: FROM ICT and traditional materials TO Bio tech and alternative material Social Transition FROM suburban segregated communities TO urban, networked and diverse communities Spatial Transition FROM road transportation, private transport, low density development, motor vehicles TO rail transportation, public transport, high density development, cycling and walking Economic Transition FROM dual economy, old economy TO green and inclusive economy Institutional transition FROM silo departmentalism TO partnership Ecological Transition FROM extractive TO replemishing Corridor Transition Period World Transition Transport Driver Urban Response 1. Birth 1680 1840 Regional Wagon Route Outspan at Hardekraaltjie 2. Urbanisation 1860 - 1940 Age of Steel, Electricity & Heavy Engineering Hard Road & Railway Line Country Villages & High Streets 3. City Integration 1940 1980 Age of Oil, Automobiles & Mass Production Commuter Rail / Bus Corridor Industrialisation Satellite Towns & Corridor Emergence 4. Metro Sprawl 1980 2020 Age of Information & Telecommunications N1 Regional Motor Corridor, Mini Bus Taxi Corridor Decline 5. Metro Compaction 2020 2030 Era of Turbulence Bus Rapid Transit, New Trains, Smart Transport Systems Corridor Regeneration 6. Africanisation 2030 - 2040 Start of Age of Biotechnology and Renewable Energy? Fast Rail, Smart Vehicles Off Grid Satellite Towns 7. Regionalism 2040 + Midpoint of Age of Biotech and Renewable Energy? Walking & Cycling Urban Villages City Design is geo-metric (structure)& geo-graphic (place) Design is a funny word. Some people think design is how it looks. But of course , if you dig deeper, its really how it works Steve Jobs THE DESIGN CONTEXT Bellville / Tygerberg designated as Cape Towns Second Metro Node, with Voortrekker Road Corridor connecting First Metro Node in the Central City Greater Tygerberg Partnership developed Regeneration Framework to 2040 suggesting R 300 bn mega project to: Develop viable transit-orientated corridor of development to house 250 000 to 750 000 people in affordable high density housing Build a bio technology new manufacturing complex between Bellville and Cape Town International Airport CLEAN & SAFE STREETS & HOUSING & EVENTS & NETWORKS 2013 2040 CATALYTIC PPP REVELOPMENT & UPGRADING: 2013 - 2016 LARGE SCALE REPACKAGING: 2013 2020 CORRIDOR INTEGRATION 2016 -2040 NEW METRO NODE 2016 -2040 City Design is Playful & Prototypical Design is not making beauty, beauty emerges from selection, affinities, integration, love. Louis Kahn Analysis -driven or design driven planning process? ANALYSIS DRIVEN PROCESS SURVEY > ANALYSIS > PLAN >DESIGN READY > AIM > FIRE DESIGN DRIVEN PROCESS DESIGN > ANALYSIS > PROTOTYPE > DESIGN > PLAN READY > FIRE > AIM TRANSITION MODEL INITIAL SPATIAL VISION FEELING TEMPERATURE IMAGINING THE FUTURE DESIGN THE CITY REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 1 URBAN ACUPUNCTURE CITY STRATEGY & INVESTMENT PLAN REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 3 URBAN ACUPUNCTURE REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 2 URBAN ACUPUNCTURE TYGERBERG STUDENT CITY THE DESIGN PROPOSITION A powerful geometry of urban regeneration, learning and innovation can be designed around Cape Towns planned Second Metropolitan Node at Tygerberg. With more than 100 000 students, excellent logistics and infrastructural linkages, the Student City opportunity can embrace an extended campus for: The University of the Western Cape The University of Stellenbosch: medical and business school Cape Peninsula University of Technology University of South Africa Northlink FET College Ranking of the world's top 50 best student cities by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) + Quality of Living + Student Mix + Top Universities + Affordability THREE STUDENT TOWNS IN CAPE TOWN STUDENT CITY Learn Work Play Live Connect Transition led 33 Sustaining research momentum (source: CHET 2010) Build on the complementarity and synergy through collaborative systems around strategic interest in research niche areas and distinctive innovation capabilities and increase students epistemological access to advanced levels of knowledge Towards a differentiated university system source: CHET 2010 Geo-metric & geo-graphic Potentials and possibilities for weaving together an integrated matrix of learning, living, working and cultural opportunities. Place making is seen as a central discipline in the process of developing Student City Lattice of Live Work Learn Innovation Villages Playful & Prototypical REGENERATION FRAMEWORK INITIAL DESIGN CHARETTE ANALYSIS BUSINESS MODEL DESIGN FRAMEOWRK REGIONAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM STUDENT VILLAGE CITY STRATEGY & INVESTMENT PLAN GLOBAL INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM INCUBATOR REGENERATION FRAMEWORK # 2 GRAND LIBRARY LAUNCHING THE INNOVATION HELIX Tygerberg Regional Innovation Ecosystem LAUNCHING THE INNOVATION HELIX Tygerberg Technology Incubator Critical questions going forward?