Arts and the Humanities
What is art? How does it fit into the humanities and sciences? Week one presentation for a class, "Survey of the Arts."
- SURVEY OF THE ARTS An Introduction to the Arts and Humanities Laura Loveday
- Art and the Eye of the Beholder • Art and Audience • Art and Artist • Art and Intention The arts strive to weave our experiences into coherent bodies of knowledge and to communicate them to others
- Art within humanities • Art is how our ancestors recorded the world around them in a time before cameras • We record things the same way today: in how we dress, what music we listen to, the buildings we work and live in, or what we write • You can tell what a culture valued by their artwork
- Science vs. Humanities • Seeks to describe reality • Attempts to create a universal concept • Measurable and quantitative • Seeks to describe humankind’s experience of reality • Gives form to emotion • More analytical approach
- What would you guess about the person who owns these items?
- Concerns of art • Creativity • Aesthetic communication • Symbols
- Fine art and applied art • Fine art is lauded for its aesthetic quality • Applied art includes architecture or handicrafts with a decorative purpose
- Art’s purpose and function Among art’s purposes: 1) Provide a record 2) Give visible or other form to feelings 3) Reveal metaphysical or spiritual truths 4) Help people see the world in new or innovative ways Among art’s functions: 1) Enjoyment 2) Political and social commentary 3) Therapy 4) Artifact
- Aesthetic perception and response 1. What is it? 2. How is it put together? 3. How does the work appeal to our senses? 4. What does this work mean?
- 1. What is it? 2. How is it put together? 3. How does the work appeal to our senses? 4. What does this work mean?
- Picasso believed a painting was a “sum of destructions”
- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1f7nHsQMFk 1. What is it? 2. How is it put together? 3. How does the work appeal to our senses? 4. What does this work mean?
- Criticism of art • Plato vs. Aristotle • Renaissance examined moral worth of art and its relationship to nature http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vufba_ZcoR0
- • The late 1800s disregarded traditional criticism • Today, we evaluate art based through a “lens”
- • Formal criticism – considers no external conditions or information • Contextual criticism – considers related information outside the artwork, such as facts about the artist, social and political conditions, etc. Evaluating art
- • Artisanship – Is the work well made? Understand the medium and the style • Communication – Evaluate what the artwork tries to say and if it was worth the effort. Does it offer a profound or unique insight?
- Art brut, or “outsider art” • Idea developed by Jean Dubuffet in the 1940s and Roger Cardinal in 1972 • Work created by those outside of mainstream art culture • Artists may be self-taught • May illustrate extreme mental states, unconventional ideas, or fantasy worlds